Chad: shadow report on gender equality and Agenda 2030

Our partner Colette Benoudji from the organisation Lead Tchad has prepared this shadow report in parallel to Chad’s Voluntary National Reviews, presented at the High Level Political Forum 2019.

Chad is a landlocked African country of 1,284,000 km2, 90% of which is Sahelo-Saharan. Its population is estimated at 11,175,915 inhabitants (about 50.7% of whom are women) with a density of 8.6 inhabitants per km2, the annual growth rate being 3.5%. This population is predominantly rural (80% of the total). Chad remains ranked among the 10 poorest countries in the world in terms of human development with a low Human Development Index (HDI). The proportion of the population living below the poverty line is 46.7% in 2016.

It became independent on August 11, 1960, the country did not know its phase of democratization that from the end of 1990 with the advent of the 3rd Republic (new Constitution of 1996, promulgation of the multipartism, the freedom of press, etc. ). But the multifarious violations of the rights of citizens still persist, as well as impunity.

At the end of the implementation, in 2015, of the 8 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for which Chad has committed itself, we can note some progress, notably in the area of education, where the net enrolment rate (TNS) in primary education increased from 39% in 2000 to 63.6% in 2014.